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罗伯特·莱特希泽大使就发布2020年8月贸易数据发表声明

       2020-10-06       USTR       2020-10-13 08:30:59

华盛顿特区——罗伯特·莱特希泽大使今天就美国商务部发布的2020年8月贸易数据发表了以下声明:
“今天公布的贸易数据反映了冠状病毒对美国和我们贸易伙伴的影响。基本上,我们的许多伙伴比我们受到的影响更大。事实上,美国经济的表现已经超过了其他七国集团国家。尽管大流行,我们的货物逆差今年以来下降了2.4%。如果不是黄金进口大幅增加,反映了大流行期间的风险对冲策略,而不是潜在的经济因素,商品赤字至少会减少6%。我们的服务业盈余下降了19%,但这主要是由于旅游业、旅游业和运输业的减少。随着其他国家的复苏和重新开放,我们预计进出口都将大幅改善。”
“此外,值得注意的是,今年以来,我们对中国的货物逆差下降了16.5%,日本(34.7%)、欧盟27国(7.7%)和韩国(7%)的货物逆差也有所下降。在USMCA国家,美国对加拿大的赤字今年下降了36%,墨西哥的贸易顺差略有上升,这是因为它们的经济衰退影响了它们对我们出口产品的需求。”
“总体而言,特朗普的贸易政策正在发挥作用,尽管有病毒。值得记住的是,在大流行的影响之前,我们的货物贸易逆差在过去六个季度中有五个季度比去年有所下降,大选以来创造了720万个就业机会,其中包括51万个制造业工作岗位,2019年家庭收入中位数增长了6.8%,美国历史上最大的增长。”
关键点
•8月贸易逆差增加,因为美国经济比我们的贸易伙伴恢复得更快。由于特朗普总统的领导,冠状病毒对我们经济的影响比任何其他七国集团国家都要小。U、 美国的国内生产总值比一年前下降了9%,而英国为21.5%,法国为18.9%,意大利为17.7%,加拿大为13%,德国为11.3%,日本为9.9%。5月以来,美国进出口双双开始反弹,但进口回升较快。尽管如此,美国商品出口仍从5月份的900亿美元增加到8月份的1191亿美元,增长了32%。
•在大流行之前,贸易逆差正在缩小。2019年美国商品贸易逆差减少160亿美元,过去六个季度中有五个季度比上年有所下降。
•今年的贸易逆差增加是由金条进口推动的。贸易逆差年初至今增加226亿美元,其中220亿美元是由于非货币性黄金进口激增所致,这反映了大流行期间交易员和投资者的风险对冲策略,而非潜在的经济因素。
•随着第一阶段协议继续生效,对华贸易逆差正在缩小。8月份,对中国的贸易逆差减少了19亿美元,因为对中国的出口增加了,进口保持在水平。今年迄今,对华货物贸易逆差也较2019年同期减少382亿美元(16.5%)。
•在制造业大流行之前,就业增长强劲。2016年11月至2020年2月,特朗普经济增加了720万个就业岗位,其中制造业就业岗位超过51万个。失业率也从2016年11月的5.1%降至2020年2月的3.5%,创50年来的新低。
•在流感大流行之前,中产阶级的收入激增。2019年,美国家庭收入中位数增长超过4300美元(6.8%)——这是有史以来最大的年增长率,比奥巴马政府的整个8年(3021美元)高出近50%。
•尽管大流行,制造业的工资继续上涨。2016年11月至2020年9月,制造业生产和非监管员工的平均小时收入增长了11.4%。
•美国已经恢复了大流行造成的一半以上的工作岗位,包括一半以上的制造业工作岗位。今年是自1939年政府开始跟踪数据以来就业增长最好的四个月:6月为480万个就业岗位,5月份为270万个,7月份为170万个,8月份为140万个。9月份,美国经济又增加了66.1万人,如果不包括5-8月份,这仍然是1983年9月以来的最高数字。这些数字包括4月份以来恢复的716000个制造业就业岗位。尽管国会预算办公室预测2020年第三季度的失业率为16%,但失业率已经从4月份的14.7%降至7.9%。

Washington, DC – Ambassador Robert Lighthizer issued the following statement today concerning the August 2020 trade data released by the U.S. Department of Commerce:

“The trade data released today reflect the effects of the coronavirus on the U.S. and our trading partners. Basically, many of our partners were more negatively affected by the pandemic than we were. Indeed, the U.S. economy has outperformed every other G7 country. In spite of the pandemic, our goods deficit is down 2.4% year-to-date. The goods deficit would have decreased by at least 6% but for a large spike in gold imports reflecting risk-hedging strategies during the pandemic, not underlying economics. Our services surplus is down 19%, but that is largely due to reduced tourism, travel, and transport. As other countries recover and reopen, we expect both imports and exports to improve substantially.”

“Additionally, it is worth noting that our year-to-date goods deficit with China is down 16.5%, and is likewise down with Japan (34.7%), the EU 27 (7.7%), and Korea (7%). In the USMCA countries, the U.S. deficit with Canada is down 36% this year and Mexico’s surplus is slightly up due to their economic downturn’s effect on their demand for our exports."

“Overall, the Trump trade policy is working in spite of the virus. It is worth remembering that before the fallout from the pandemic, our goods trade deficit had been down from the previous year in five of the last six quarters, 7.2 million jobs had been created since the election—including over 510,000 manufacturing jobs—and median family income had increased by 6.8% in 2019, the largest increase in U.S. history.”

Key Points

• The trade deficit increased in August because America’s economy has recovered more quickly than our trade partners’. Because of President Trump’s leadership, coronavirus has had a smaller effect on our economy than any other G7 nation. U.S. GDP is down 9% from a year ago compared to 21.5% for Britain, 18.9% for France, 17.7% for Italy, 13% for Canada, 11.3% for Germany, and 9.9% for Japan. Since May, U.S. exports and imports have both begun to rebound, but imports have recovered more quickly. With that said, U.S. goods exports still increased from $90 billion in May to $119.1 billion in August, a 32% increase.

• The trade deficit was shrinking before the pandemic. The U.S. goods trade deficit fell by $16 billion in 2019 and has been down from the previous year in five of the last six quarters.

• This year’s trade deficit increases have been driven by imports of gold bars. Of the $22.6 billion year-t0-date increase in the trade deficit, $22 billion is attributable to a spike in non-monetary gold imports, which reflect risk-hedging strategies by traders and investors during the pandemic and not underlying economics.

• The trade deficit with China is shrinking as the Phase One Deal continues to take effect. In Augus [View More...]

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