欧洲区域经济展望,2020年秋季

       2020-10-21       国际货币基金组织       2020-10-22 08:52:23

COVID-19流感对欧洲的打击尤其严重,我们预计2020年的经济收缩将是世界上最大的。欧洲各国对这一流行病迅速作出反应,这有助于避免更糟的后果。果断的政策反应保护了收入和经济的生产能力。在整个欧洲,各国政府部署了大量的财政计划来支持家庭和企业,保留工作岗位计划至少保留了5400万个工作岗位。但是,2020年的前景依然黯淡,复苏将是局部的、不均衡的。我们预计今年欧洲经济活动将下降7%,2021年将反弹4.7%。复苏之路异常不确定。欧洲各地持续的感染死灰复燃可能是现阶段最大的下行风险。了解更多信息,下载我们新的欧洲区域经济展望。

The COVID-19 pandemic has hit Europe particularly hard — we project that the economic contraction in 2020 will be among the world's largest. Countries in Europe responded swiftly to the pandemic, which helped avoid worse outcomes. A decisive policy response protected incomes and the productive capacity of the economy. Across Europe, governments deployed large fiscal packages to support households and firms, with job retention programs preserving at least 54 million jobs. But the outlook for 2020 remains bleak and the recovery will be partial and uneven. We project that economic activity in Europe this year will decline by 7% and rebound by 4.7% in 2021. The recovery path is exceptionally uncertain. The ongoing resurgence of infections across Europe presents perhaps the greatest downside risk at this stage. Learn more, download our new Regional Economic Outlook for Europe. [View More...]

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