前沿市场债务监测:债务和气候风险上升

       2020-02-19       国际金融协会       2020-02-19 21:00:41

Driven mainly by government borrowing, the debt to GDP ratio in frontier markets hit a fresh all-time high of 114% in Q3 2019, with total debt nearing $3.2 trillion, up by nearly $75 billion in the first three quarters of 2019. Government debt is now over 51% of GDP. Zambia, Mozambique, Bahrain and Oman have seen the largest rise since Q3 2018. This piece includes a special feature on debt and climate risks in low-income countries, where external debt is on the rise, though private creditors have cut exposure—reflecting concerns about debt transparency/sustainability and growing awareness of climate vulnerabilities.

主要受政府借贷推动,2019年第三季度,边境市场的债务占国内生产总值的比率达到了114%的历史新高,总债务接近3.2万亿美元,在2019年前三季度增长了近750亿美元。政府债务现在占国内生产总值的51%以上。赞比亚、莫桑比克、巴林和阿曼出现了自2018年第三季度以来的最大涨幅。这篇文章包含了一个关于低收入国家债务和气候风险的特别特征,在这些国家,外债正在上升,尽管私人债权人已经减少了风险敞口,反映了对债务透明度/可持续性的担忧,以及对气候脆弱性的日益认识。

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